Call for Abstract

World Summit on Liver Cirrhosis and Hepatitis, will be organized around the theme “Research and Development in Liver Cirrhosis and Hepatitis”

Liver Cirrhosis 2018 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Liver Cirrhosis 2018

Submit your abstract to any of the mentioned tracks.

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The liver is the body’s largest internal organ that sits on the right hand side of the belly. It is an essential organ that has many functions in the body, including making proteins and blood clotting factors, manufacturing triglycerides and cholesterol, glycogen synthesis and bile production. The liver filters the blood coming from the digestive tract and also detoxifies the chemicals and metabolises the vitamins, protiens, fats, carbohydrates and drugs. The liver secrets the bile that ends up back in the intestine.

  • Track 1-1Blood Detoxification and Purification
  • Track 1-2Bile Production and Excretion
  • Track 1-3Metabolism of Fats, Proteins and Carbohydrates
  • Track 1-4Synthesis of Plasma Proteins

The human liver is usually perceived as a non-immunological organ engaged primarily in metabolic, nutrient storage and detoxification activities. The healthy liver is also a site of complex immunological activity mediated by a diverse immune cell repertoire as well as non-hematopoietic cell populations. In the non-diseased liver, metabolic and tissue remodeling functions require elements of inflammation. In this complex microenvironment, the hepatic immune system tolerates harmless molecules while at the same time remaining alert to possible infectious agents, malignant cells or tissue damage.

 In the healthy liver, constantly changing metabolic and tissue remodeling activity, combined with regular exposure to microbial products, results in persistent, regulated inflammation. These inflammatory processes act in a tightly controlled fashion and are stimulated to additional activity only when the liver is required to rid itself of hepatotropic pathogens, malignant cells or toxic products of metabolic activity. Failure to clear such dangerous stimuli and resolve inflammation, leads to chronic infection, autoimmunity or tumor growth. This is inevitably associated with chronic pathological inflammation and disrupted tissue homeostasis, which can progress to fibrosis, cirrhosis and liver failure.

  • Track 2-1Liver Immune Tolerance
  • Track 2-2Liver as an Immunological Organ
  • Track 2-3Hepatic Innate Immunity
  • Track 2-4Liver Sinusoidal Endothelial Cells

Medical doctors and basic scientists working in the field of hepatology and to contribute to the improvement of public health through a multidisciplinary approach by sharing advanced basic and clinical research results for various diseases of the liver and biliary tract. The journal present up-to-date coverage of basic and clinical researches on molecular and cell biologypathophysiologyepidemiologydiagnosis, and treatment of the various diseases of the liver and biliary tract, with special attention to more common liver diseases of the Asian-Pacific region such as B viral hepatitis and hepatocellular carcinomaIdiosyncratic drug-induced liver injury (DILI) is a rare adverse drug reaction and it can lead to jaundice, liver failure, or even death. Antimicrobials and herbal and dietary supplements are among the most common therapeutic classes to cause DILI in the Western world. Liver fibrosis is the excessive accumulation of extracellular matrix proteins including collagen that occurs in most types of chronic liver diseases.

  • Track 3-1Drug-Induced Liver Injury
  • Track 3-2Liver Fibrosis
  • Track 3-3Gastroesophageal Varices due to Liver Cirrhosis
  • Track 3-4Jaundice

A liver metastasis is a cancerous tumor that has spread to the liver from a cancer that started in another place in the body. It’s also called secondary liver cancer. Primary liver cancer originates in the liver and most commonly affects individuals who have risk factors such as hepatitis or cirrhosis. Cancer in the liver is secondary, or metastatic. There may be no symptoms in the early stages of liver metastasis. In later stages, cancer can cause the liver to swell or obstruct the normal flow of blood and bile. When this happens, loss of appetite,weight loss,dark-colored urine,abdomina swelling or bloating,jaundice, a yellowing of the skin or the whites of the eyes, pain in the right shoulder, pain in the upper right abdomen, nausea, vomiting, confusion, sweats and fever, enlarged liver.

  • Track 4-1Symptoms of Liver Metastasis
  • Track 4-2Liver Metastasis-Diagnosis
  • Track 4-3Treatments
  • Track 4-4Supportive Therapies

Cirrhosis is a late stage of scarring (fibrosis) of the liver caused by many forms of liver diseases and conditions, such as hepatitis and chronic alcoholism. Cirrhosis occurs in response to damage to your liver. Each time your liver is injured, it tries to repair itself. In the process, scar tissue forms. As cirrhosis progresses, more and more scar tissue forms, making it difficult for the liver to function. Cirrhosis occurs in response to damage to your liver. Each time your liver is injured, it tries to repair itself. In the process, scar tissue forms. As cirrhosis progresses, more and more scar tissue forms, making it difficult for the liver to function which include Fluid accumulation in your abdomen (ascites), Confusion, drowsiness and slurred speech (hepatic encephalopathy), Testicular atrophy in men, Breast enlargement in men. Cirrhosis can also cause portal hypertension, Enlargement of the spleen (splenomegaly).

  • Track 5-1Prevention of Liver Cirrhosis
  • Track 5-2Causes of Liver Cirrhosis
  • Track 5-3Liver Cirrhosis- Symptoms
  • Track 5-4Treatments

Hepatitis refers to an inflammatory condition of the liver. It’s commonly caused by a viral infection, but there are other possible causes of hepatitis. These include autoimmune hepatitis and hepatitis that occurs as a secondary result of medications, drugs, toxins, and alcohol. Autoimmune hepatitis is a disease that occurs when your body makes antibodies against your liver tissue. Viral infections of the liver that are classified as hepatitis include hepatitis A, B, C, D, and E. A liver biopsy is an invasive procedure that involves your doctor taking a sample of tissue from your liver. This test allows your doctor to determine how infection or inflammation has affected your liver. Corticosteroids, like prednisone or budesonide, are extremely important in the early treatment of autoimmune hepatitis.

  • Track 6-1Auto-immune Hepatitis
  • Track 6-2Viral Hepatitis
  • Track 6-3Alcoholic hepatitis

Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver characterized by diffuse or patchy necrosisAutoimmune hepatitis (AIH) is one exception. This type of liver disease occurs when your immune system attacks your liver cells. AIH is a chronic condition that can result in cirrhosis (scarring) of the liver. certain risk factors have been identified, including mainly a family history of AIH. Autoimmune hepatitis likely results from a combination of autoimmunity, environmental triggers, and a genetic predisposition. It occurs more frequently in femalesTreatment typically includes corticosteroids and medications that suppress the immune system. In severe cases, a liver transplant may be needed. Ischemic hepatitis differs from other types of hepatitis. Which can have many causes, most commonly a virus (as in hepatitis A or B). However, in ischemic hepatitis, the liver is not inflamed. Rather, liver cell death(necrosis) occurs. The term hepatitis is used because technically, it refers to any disorder in which liver enzymes called aminotransferases leak from damaged liver cells into the blood.

  • Track 7-1Autoimmune Hepatitis
  • Track 7-2Genetic disorders leading to Hepatitis
  • Track 7-3Infectious
  • Track 7-4Ischemic Hepatitis

To diagnose hepatitis, first your doctor will take your history to determine any risk factors you may have for infectious or noninfectious hepatitisLiver function tests use  blood samples to determine how efficiently your liver works.

 High liver enzyme levels may indicate that your liver is stressed, damaged, or not functioning properly. An abdominal ultrasound uses ultrasound waves to create an image of the organs within your abdomen.It can reveal Liver tumorsLiver failure, Abnormalities of gall bladder. Treatment options are determined by which type of hepatitis you have and whether the infection is acute or chronic.

  • Track 8-1Immunization
  • Track 8-2Vaccination
  • Track 8-3Anti viral Drug Therapies
  • Track 8-4Liver Transplant

Viruses are the intracellular parasites that depend on synthetic processes of host cells. They cannot be grown on ordinary medium. Special microscopes are needed to visualize their structure, which consists of Genome(genetic material consisting of DNA or RNA component but never both), Surrounding capsid –proteinaceous in structure, Envelope –protein bilayerHepatitis B virus (HBV) is an important cause of end-stage liver disease and hepatocellular carcinoma. The decision to treat is based on the activity of liver disease and HBV replicationstatus, and the likelihood of a long-term benefit. Approved therapies include standard and pegylated interferon-alfa and nucleoside analogues: lamivudineadefovir and entecavir. Even with successful therapy, patients remain at risk for reactivation of viral replication and require lifelong monitoring.

HBV in HBsAg-positive patients treated with allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation. Highly active antiretroviral therapy is initiated for decreasing mortality relating to HIV.Influenza can be type A, B or C depending upon type. Influenza A and B are more common.

  • Track 9-1Anti herpes virus agents
  • Track 9-2Anti retroviral agents
  • Track 9-3Anti influenza agents
  • Track 9-4Antiviral Regimens

Hepatobiliary diseases are diseases that affect the biliary tract or the liver. Cholangiocarcinoma is usually a bile duct that presents a malignant tumor. Treating the disease requires removal and/or resection. Biliary strictures (both malignant and benign) – occur when the bile ducts become inflamed or injured. The ducts narrow and form a stricture. They are often caused by injury or cancer. Bile duct stones – are stones that occur within the bile duct, similar to a gallstone. They often start developing in the gallbladder and make their way into the bile duct. The hepatobiliary system is made up of the liver, gall bladder and bile ducts. Conditions or diseases that cause harm to these areas, which can be life threatening, are referred to as hepatobiliary diseases.

 Caroli disease and Caroli syndrome are rare congenital disorders of the intrahepatic bile ducts. They are both characterized by dilatation of the intrahepatic biliary tree. The term Caroli disease is applied if the disease is limited to ectasia or segmental dilatation of the larger intrahepatic ductsBiliary atresia is a rare disease of the liver and bile ducts that occurs in infants. Neonatal hemochromatosis is a syndrome in which severe liver disease of fetal or perinatal onset is associated with deposition of stainable iron in extrahepatic sites. Survival rates in babies who undergo liver transplantation is reportedly 50%.

 

  • Track 10-1Cholangiocarcinoma (biliary tree cancer)
  • Track 10-2Primary Neonatal Hemochromatosis
  • Track 10-3Acute liver failure
  • Track 10-4Biliary Atresia
  • Track 10-5Pediatric Caroli disease

It is normal for the liver to contain some fat and by itself, this causes no symptoms. In some patients, the excess fat can cause inflammation called steatohepatitisSteatohepatitis can lead to cirrhosis (fibrosis, scarring and hardening of the liver). There is also an association with liver cancer (hepatocellular carcinoma). Fatty liver can be classified as alcohol and nonalcohol related. Alcohol is a direct toxin to the liver and can cause inflammation. Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and nonalcoholic related steatohepatitis (NASH).

Obesity is a major health problem worldwide. Obesity also increases the risk of developing several chronic diseases such as type II diabetesinsulin resistancecoronary heart disease(responsible for heart attacks), cerebrovascular disease (responsible for strokes), high blood pressuregoutgallstonescolon cancersleep apnea, and a form of liver disease called nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Acute fatty liver of pregnancy (AFLP) is a rare, potentially fatal complication that occurs in the third trimester or early postpartum period. Although the exact pathogenesis is unknown, this disease has been linked to an abnormality in fetal fatty acid metabolism. Early diagnosis of AFLP sometimes can be difficult because it shares features with other common conditions such as pre-eclampsiaviral hepatitis and cholestasis of pregnancy.

  • Track 11-1Non alcoholic Steatohepatitis
  • Track 11-2Alcoholic steatohepatitis
  • Track 11-3Obesity and Liver Steatosis
  • Track 11-4Acute fatty liver of pregnancy

It's not something you probably think much about, but your liver is a key player in your body's digestive system. Everything you eat or drink, including medicine, passes through it. You need to treat it right so it can stay healthy and do its job. Eat a healthy diet and get regular exercise. Your liver will thank you. You'll keep your weight under control, which helps prevent nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), a condition that leads to cirrhosis. Watch out for certain medicines. Some cholesterol drugs can occasionally have a side effect that causes liver problems. Alcoholic beverages can create many health problems. They can damage or destroy liver cells and scar your liver.

  • Track 12-1Hygeine
  • Track 12-2Vaccination
  • Track 12-3Alcohol use
  • Track 12-4Diet and Exercise